Natural conception occurs when a healthy sperm fertilises a healthy egg in the female body without the intervention of fertility treatment. If a woman’s fallopian tube/s are blocked, this may prevent the sperm meeting with the egg. If you have a blockage in your fallopian tubes, a Melbourne IVF fertility specialist can help diagnose this issue and provide suitable treatment options to help you fall pregnant.
What are fallopian tubes?
A female has left and right fallopian tubes connecting the ovaries to the uterus. They allow the sperm and egg to travel and meet for natural conception.
A blockage of one or both fallopian tubes may cause infertility. Blockage of fallopian tubes may result from infection, through sexually transmitted diseases (such as chlamydia) previous surgery or endometriosis.
How do I know if my fallopian tubes are blocked?
Your fertility specialist can easily check for fallopian tubal patency by arranging an x-ray or ultrasound dye test, or performing a laparoscopy.
During a laparoscopy fluid dye is injected into the uterine cavity through the cervix and the dye tracked to the end of the fallopian tubes. Free passage of dye out of each end confirms tubal patency. Most women have patent tubes.
What are the treatments for blocked fallopian tubes?
If the blockage is at either end of the tubes, then your fertility specialist can perform “key-hole” laparoscopic surgery to open the spider web like adhesive bands. Performing this procedure may allow you to become pregnant naturally.
If the fallopian tubes are extensively blocked then surgery may not be suitable. Fortunately IVF can bypass the blocked fallopian tubes allowing pregnancy to occur.
Swollen fallopian tubes
Swollen fallopian tubes, which may be caused by a bacterial infection from sexually transmitted diseases, can inflame the fallopian tubes, hindering natural conception.
The “stagnant fluid” inside the tube may also reduce IVF pregnancy rates by up to 50%. The fluid may move into the uterus where the embryo is trying to implant, polluting the natural pregnancy environment.
Your fertility specialist will discuss with you personalised options such as laparoscopically opening the fallopian tubes, removing the tubes or clipping the tubes to stop the fluid affecting the growing pregnancy, significantly improving your chances of pregnancy.