Assessing your fertility

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The Melbourne IVF Patient Portal is exclusively made available to Melbourne IVF patients, to allow them to share their experiences and support each other through their fertility treatments.

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This section of the Melbourne IVF website is made exclusively available to GPs, Obstetricians and Gynaecologists.

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Assessing your fertility

As a member of Virtus Health, Melbourne IVF has more experienced fertility specialists, offering many treatment options, in more locations, to create more babies than any other fertility group. Some babies need a little help to get started, so speak to Australia's #1 for fertility today. 

If you are having difficulties falling pregnant, a fertility specialist assessment can help to determine the cause and provide you with suitable treatment options to give you the best possible chance of having a baby.  

What causes infertility?

To conceive a healthy baby you need a healthy egg and sperm to meet in the right environment at the right time. Sometimes this isn’t as easy as it sounds.

Both female and male factors can affect fertility so understanding how both reproductive systems work is crucial. In 40% of infertile couples the cause is due to a sperm factor, in 40% it is due to ‘female factors’, such as Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS) or endometriosis, and in one third of couples it is both male and female factors combined.

For women, the most common causes of infertility include:

  • the woman's age
  • problems within the female reproductive system such as endometriosis, fibroids, PCOS and tubal disease
  • irregular periods, generally caused by ovulation disorders
  • blocked fallopian tubes which may prevent the sperm from meeting with the egg

For men, the most common causes of infertility include:

  • sperm production where there is either no sperm or very few sperm produced and/or found in the ejaculate
  • the size, shape and motility of sperm
  • blockages or absence of tubes which prevent sperm passage
  • a genetic disease such as cystic fibrosis or a chromosomal abnormality

Male factor infertility affects approximately 50% of infertile couples and is the biggest single factor stopping a couple from conceiving after a female’s age.

If you’re trying to conceive it is important that as a couple you assess your current lifestyle choices to avoid smoking, excessive drinking, being under or overweight to give you both the best chance of starting a family.

What should we expect from a fertility assessment?  

Typically during your first appointment with a fertility specialist, they will assess you and your partner’s medical history and assess your overall reproductive health.

The basic female assessment includes ovulation testing and a pelvic ultrasound, together with hormone measurements and other gynaecological investigations as required.  A semen analysis will be organised for the male partner, and in some cases blood tests and a physical examination may also be performed. 

Following the results, your fertility specialist will determine the best next steps for you as a couple.

What fertility treatments are available?

At Melbourne IVF we offer a range of fertility treatments to help you realise your dream of starting a family. 

Following your assessment, your fertility specialist will determine your best path to pregnancy and if required, tailor an individualised fertility treatment plan for you.

This may involve lifestyle changes, better timing of intercourse or surgery to rectify any underlying conditions. It may also include fertility treatments such as:

Other more sophisticated forms of treatment, such as intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), that involves injecting a single sperm into each egg, or preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD), an advanced technique which test embryos for specific genetic disorders or chromosomal abnormalities, may be recommended.

Trying to conceive can not only have a physical impact on your body but also an emotional one.  As a couple you will be able to access our highly experienced fertility counselling team, who will be able to support you both throughout your pregnancy journey.

Book a fertility assessment

If you have been trying to conceive for 12 months (6 months if you are over 35) we recommend you see a fertility specialist for a fertility assessment.

Appointments are usually available within a few weeks and will cost approximately $150 for a couple after the Medicare rebate.

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